Pelvic Pain encompasses a broad variety of conditions which cause pain in the pelvis, low back, buttocks, vagina, and genitalia. Pain related to pelvic floor dysfunction can be caused by spasm, trigger points, and poor coordination in the pelvic floor musculature. It may be aggravated by sitting, sexual activity, exercise, pelvic exams, bowel movement, menstrual cycle, or wearing tight clothing. Risk factors for this condition include past sexual abuse, childbirth, infections such as UTI, pelvic inflammatory disease, interstitial cystitis, and endometriosis. Physical Therapy focuses on releasing tension and spasm in the pelvic floor, teaching you to relax and coordinate these muscles to relieve pain. Therapy may include biofeedback, relaxation training, stretching, therapeutic massage, trigger point release, and postural/biomechanical retraining.